Inventory of ancient Chinese bridges
China is the hometown of bridges. For thousands of years, the industrious and intelligent Chinese have built tens of thousands of ingenious and magnificent bridges. These bridges span between the mountains and rivers, decorate the rivers and mountains, and become one of the symbols of ancient Chinese civilization.
1.Chaozhou Guangji Bridge
Guangji Bridge, commonly known as Xiangzi Bridge, is located outside the East Gate of Chaozhou City, Guangdong Province. It built in the seventh year of Songgandao, is one of the "Four Ancient Bridges in China". The bridge is 518 meters long, with stone piers on both sides. There are exquisite pavilions on the piers, and 18 ancient pontoon bridges in the middle. Lian, Liang Zhou combine, hardness and softness complement each other. The bridge deck is antique and the bridge body spans the Han River. It integrates girder bridges, arch bridges and floating bridges. The structure is very special. It can be called an isolated example in the history of bridges in my country.
Lugou Bridge, also known as Lugou Bridge, is one of the "Four Ancient Bridges in China". It is world-renowned for its exquisite stone carving art. One of the famous bridges. The Lugou Bridge is an eleven-hole combined arch bridge, plus the approach bridges at both ends, with a total length of 266.5 meters, a total width of the bridge body of 9.3 meters, and a deck width of 7.5 meters. There are 140 pillars on both sides of the stone guardrails, and stone lions are carved on the capitals of different shapes. As the place where the whole nation's Anti-Japanese War broke out, Lugou Bridge is also a memorial site for major national events with far-reaching influence.
3.Quanzhou Luoyang Bridge
Quanzhou Luoyang Bridge, formerly known as Wan'an Bridge, is as famous as Zhaozhou Bridge in the history of Chinese bridges. It is one of the "Four Ancient Bridges in China". The famous cross-sea beam-type stone bridge in ancient my country is also the beginning of the world's bridge raft foundation. Luoyang Bridge is 834 meters long and 7 meters wide, with 46 piers and a clear span of 8 meters. The whole bridge has a total of 44 ship types. The bridge pier, 104 stone lions, and 7 stone pagodas have also been rated as national key cultural relics protection units.
Zhaozhou Bridge, also known as Anji Bridge, is the earliest, largest and best-preserved ancient single-hole open-shoulder stone arch bridge in the world. It is one of the top ten ancient bridges in ancient China. The main arch of Zhaozhou Bridge consists of 28 the arches were built vertically side by side, with a bridge length of 64.4 meters and a clear span of 37.02 meters. Such a huge span was an unprecedented innovation at that time, hundreds of years earlier than Europe. Its construction technology is unique and has a relatively high scientific research value. The decorative pattern of the bridge body is finely carved and has high artistic value. It occupies an important position in the history of bridge-building in China and has a profound impact on the bridge construction of future generations around the world.
5.Jinjiang Anping Bridge
Anping Bridge is the longest existing stone bridge in ancient China. The Anping Bridge has a total of 361 piers. There are 5 resting pavilions on the bridge. The east end is the Shuixin Pavilion, the west end is the Haichao Temple, and the middle pavilion is the largest, with a width of 10 meters. There are stone pagodas and stone Buddha statues on the bridge. Anping Bridge is not only a bridge of history, a bridge of culture, and a bridge of commerce and trade. The bridge is also a bridge of friendship, a bridge of strength, and a bridge with beautiful scenery, a long history and a strong cultural heritage. Address: No. 3, Xing'an Road, Anhai Town, Jinjiang City, Quanzhou City, Fujian Province.
6.Suzhou Baodai Bridge
Baodai Bridge, also known as Long Bridge, is a masterpiece of ancient bridge architecture. It is the longest porous stone bridge among the existing ancient bridges in China. The bridge was built in the Tang Yuanhe period and has a history of more than a thousand years. As an important heritage site of the Grand Canal in China, it has been included in the World Heritage List and the first batch of provincial water conservancy heritage lists in Jiangsu Province. The whole Baodai Bridge is made of Jinshan stone, with a length of 316.8 meters and 53 bridge holes.
Jiangdong Bridge, once known as Hudu Bridge, Jiangdong Ancient Bridge and Tongji Bridge, is a bridge connecting Taiwanese investment zone and Longwen District in Zhangzhou City, Fujian Province, China. ) above the waterway, is the largest and heaviest stone beam bridge in the world. It was called "Three Provinces Tongqu" in ancient times and "Eight-Min Important Town". . Jiangdong Bridge consists of the main foundation, piers, beams and bridge deck. There are 15 old piers, including 4 old boat-shaped piers and large stone beams at the west end of the bridge, and the remaining 11 use the old foundation to build new stone platform piers, and the first pier at the east end of the bridge. The blockage does not have the effect of drainage, so it was changed to a stone platform. The original 1 hole in the middle had a larger span. A stone wall was built using the old platform foundation, and 1 hole was changed to 2 holes, 1 hole was blocked, and 1 hole was added, and the original number of bridge holes remained unchanged. , the bridge deck is a reinforced concrete T-shaped continuous beam.
8.The Wind and Rain Bridge
The Wind and Rain Bridge in Zhuoshui Ancient Town was built in the Ming Dynasty, overhauled in the Qing Dynasty, and then rebuilt. It is now known as the "First Covered Bridge in Asia". It spans the Apeng River and is 658 meters long and 5 meters wide. There are three parts of the pavilion. The bridge body is a pure wooden structure. The building materials are interspersed and connected with each other with tenon and mortise holes. The straight sleeves are obliquely worn. The structure is firm and precise. , is a kind of Tujia and Miao architectural art in the Wuling Mountains of Southwest China.
9.Chengyang Yongji Bridge
Chengyang Yongji Bridge, also known as Chengyang Wind and Rain Bridge and Sanjiang Wind and Rain Bridge, was built in the first year of the Republic of China (1912) and is one of the largest wind and rain bridges in the world. Chengyang Yongji Bridge spans the Linxi River. The typical Dong building is a pavilion-style building with stone piers and wooden structures. There are five large stone piers in the river, and the bridge deck is framed with fir and wooden boards; the bridge is 64.4 meters long, 3.4 meters wide and 10.6 meters high. Three Rivers Wind and Rain, the bridge is the representative work of the Dongzhai Wind and Rain Bridge. It is a well-preserved and large-scale wind and rain bridge. It is the crystallization of the wisdom of the people of the Dong village, and it is also an artistic treasure in Chinese wooden architecture. Address: Sanjiang Dong Autonomous County, Liuzhou City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
10.Yangzhou Wuting Bridge
Wuting Bridge, also known as Lianhua Bridge, was built in 1757. It was built in imitation of the Wulong Pavilion and the Seventeen-Arch Bridge in Beihai, Beijing. It has five wind pavilions with southern characteristics and is an outstanding example of ancient bridge architecture. It is the most artistically representative ancient bridge. The bridge has a total length of 57.99 meters, a width of 6.16 to 18.77 meters, and a span of 7.13 meters for the arch ring in the middle of the bridge body. It is beautiful in shape, with yellow tiles and Zhuzhu columns, white railings, and painted caisson in the pavilion. It is magnificent and is known as "the most beautiful bridge in China". Address: No. 28, Dahongqiao Road, Hanjiang District, Yangzhou City, Jiangsu Province.